Elderly Health Management Service
Why carry out health management services for the elderly?
A: With the increase of age, the elderly's heart, brain, kidney and other organs have decreased physiological functions, metabolic dysfunction, and low immune function. They are susceptible to various chronic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, coronary heart disease and tumors. The disability rate of these diseases is extremely high, and the development of health management services can detect diseases early and carry out early treatment, which can prevent the occurrence and development of diseases, reduce complications, and reduce the rate of disability and mortality.
Who can enjoy health management services for the elderly?
Answer: The objects of the elderly health management service refer to the elderly over 65 years old, including 65 years old. All elderly people living in the community for more than half a year, regardless of household registration and non-hukou population, can enjoy the health management services for the elderly in the township hospitals, village clinics or community health service centers (stations) where they live.
What are the health management services for the elderly?
Answer: Health management services are provided to the elderly once a year.
①Lifestyle and health assessment. Through inquiries, understand the basic health status of the elderly, life self-care ability and lifestyles such as smoking, drinking, diet, physical exercise, as well as past diseases, current common symptoms and treatment of chronic diseases.
② Conduct a comprehensive health check-up every year, including general physical examination and auxiliary examination. The auxiliary examination items include blood routine, urine routine, liver function, kidney function, blood sugar, blood lipid, abdominal ultrasound, electrocardiogram.
Portable examination equipment for the elderly
Health management for patients with chronic diseases (including health management for patients with hypertension and type 2 diabetes)
What is hypertension?
Answer: When you go to the medical and health institution to measure blood pressure, the results of three measurements on the same day: high pressure (systolic pressure) is greater than or equal to 140mmHg, or low pressure (diastolic pressure) is greater than or equal to 90mmHg, you can diagnose hypertension. If a hypertensive patient takes antihypertensive drugs, although the measured blood pressure value is not high, it is still high blood pressure, because this is the blood pressure under the control of the drug. Once the antihypertensive drug is stopped, the blood pressure will still rise.
What are the hazards of high blood pressure to the body?
Answer: There may be no symptoms of high blood pressure, but high blood pressure is a "silent killer", which is damaging the health of patients every moment. If the blood pressure is not well controlled, damage to the brain can cause stroke (stroke) hemiplegia, causing hemiplegia, dementia, etc .; damage to the heart can cause angina, myocardial infarction, heart failure, etc .; damage to the eyes can cause fundus Retinopathy may even cause blindness; damage to the kidneys can cause renal insufficiency.
What is diabetes?
Answer: Diabetes is an endocrine and metabolic disease characterized by elevated blood sugar. If venous blood is drawn for fasting blood glucose during fasting, and the result is greater than or equal to 7 mmoI / L, and it is still higher than this standard in subsequent reexaminations, diabetes can be diagnosed. Diabetes can be divided into type 1, type 2 and other types, of which more than 90% are type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes patients are included in health management. If the diabetic patient is receiving treatment, the blood glucose value may not be high, but it is still diabetes. Once the effective treatment is stopped, the blood sugar will rise.
What are the hazards of diabetes to the human body?
Answer: The harm of diabetes to the human body is mainly manifested in complications. If blood sugar is not well controlled for a long time, it can cause damage to important organs such as the brain, heart, nerves, eyes, and kidneys, and even lead to disability or death. The prevalence of heart and cerebrovascular damage caused by diabetes is three times higher than that of non-diabetics; the amputation of lower limb blood vessels is 10 times more than that of non-diabetics; the late stage of diabetic nephropathy can cause uremic disease; 25 times higher than non-diabetics. In addition, diabetes is often accompanied by multiple peripheral neuropathy and autonomic nerve damage, as well as infections in various parts.
What benefits can patients benefit from participating in diabetes health management services?
Answer: Diabetes patients can get active and continuous services from primary doctors when they participate in health management services; patients will establish healthy lifestyles under the guidance of doctors, rationally use hypoglycemic drugs, control blood glucose at an ideal level, and minimize diabetes Harm to health; during the management process, the doctor will find other health problems in time and adjust the treatment plan in a timely manner; when there are critical symptoms or other diseases that cannot be treated, the doctor will guide the patient to refer urgently; reduce the patient and family members Mental stress relieves economic pressure caused by unsatisfactory disease control.